Voting Landscape: State-by-State Profiles

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State Profiles Now Available!

A state-by-state overview of voting and registration data, minority elected officials numbers and a comprehensive catalogue of voting discrimination court cases and Department of Justice objections.

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About the State Profiles

The state-by-state profiles provide a snapshot of each state that includes minority voting participation, compliance with the Voting Rights Act (VRA) and other indicators of minority voting rights. These state profiles include:


Sources

2012 Registration and Turnout Rates Among Citizens of Voting Age Population (CVAP); Total 2012 Citizens of Voting Age Population (CVAP)

U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, November 2012. Table 4b. Reported Voting and Registration, by Sex, Race and Hispanic Origin, for States: November 2012.

*The U.S. Census Bureau tabulates race and ethnicity separately. Consequently, categories for race and ethnicity do not equal 100%. Calculations presented here tabulate Hispanic/Latino respondents with 1 or more races as Hispanic/Latino only and do not additionally classify them by race.

*American Indian /Alaska Native voting and registration data by state are not tabulated by the U.S. Census Bureau at date of publication, citing small sample sizes in the November 2012 Population Survey.

Numbers of Minority Elected Officials*:

Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies Elected Officials database

National Asian Pacific American Political Almanac, Thirteenth Edition (2007-2008), Co-published with The Asian Pacific American Institute for Congressional Studies

National Asian Pacific American Political Almanac, Fifteenth Edition (2014-2015)

NALEO Educational Fund, Los Angeles, CA, National Directory of Latino Elected Officials

National Caucus of Native American State Legislators, 2014

U.S. Census Bureau, Table 469. Composition of State Legislatures, by Political Party Affiliation. Accessed on April 1, 2014 (http://www.allcountries.org/uscensus/469_composition_of_state_legislatures_by_political.html#8)

National Conference of State Legislatures. 2009. State and Legislative Partisan Composition. Accessed on April 1, 2014 (http://www.  ncsl.org/documents/statevote/legiscontrol_2009.pdf)

National Conference of State Legislatures. 2014. State and Legislative Partisan Composition. Accessed on April 1, 2014 (http://www.ncsl.org/documents/statevote/legiscontrol_2014.pdf)

Prior Coverage Under Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act: 

U.S. Department of Justice. http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/vot/sec_5/covered.php

Coverage 2011 to Present Under Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act: 

U.S. Department of Justice. http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/vot/sec_203/2011_notice.pdf

Section 2 Cases (not including language assistance cases), 1995 to June 2014 (adjudicated in favor of plaintiffs or settled):

Compilation of cases prepared by Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law 

Language Assistance Cases, 1995 to June 2014 (adjudicated in favor of plaintiffs or settled): 

Compilation of cases prepared by Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law.

Department of Justice Objections and Court Denials of Preclearance (Sections 5 and 3 of the Voting Rights Act), 1995 to June 2014

U.S. Department of Justice, http://www.justice.gov/crt/records/vot/obj_letters/index.php. Accessed on June 30, 2014. This information was supplemented by information compiled by the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law.  

Note: The list of preclearance decisions could change due to new objections to a jurisdiction covered under Section 3. 

Section 5 Objections Maps:

U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2010 Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) Summary File

U.S. Department of Justice, accessed on March 10, 2014 (http://www.justice.gov/crt/records/vot/obj_letters/index.php)

*American Indian/Alaska Native Officials – No data available.